skip to Main Content

Welcome

We are one of the fastest growing companies in the computer repair industry. We are also one of the pioneers in the computer repair, computer amc, laptop repair. We offer a safe and convenient computer repair services, in-home and in-office service; providing support for: PCs, Networks, Printers, Scanners, laptop, Software, and Hardware support.

Get In Touch

Email: info@sastechvision.in
Phone: 011-4007-9933, +91-95995-42288
Address: West Patel Nagar, Delhi

Our Location

laptop repair near me

011-4007-9933 info@sastechvision.in

Hardware and Networking Interview Questions With Answers

250+ Hardware and Networking Interview Questions with Answers for freshers and experienced, Top 250 Hardware and Networking technical Interview. These hardware and networking interview questions help to crack job interviews, examination, its also very helpful for knowledge.

Question :- What is the difference between Windows Server 2000 Server and Windows Server 2003?

Answers :-

  • We can’t rename domain in Windows Server 2000, you can rename in Windows Server 20003
  • IIS 5.0 in Windows Server 2000 and IIS 6.0 in Windows Server 2003
  • No Volume Shadow Copying in Windows Server 2000, its available in Windows Server 2003
  • Active Directory Federation Systems in Windows Server 2003

Like that some other security features added in Windows Server 20003, main features are above

Question :- Tell me why we are useing exchange server ?

Answers :- 

  • This is a mail server. we can use this Server to send mails in Intranet as well as outside.

Question :- What is DHCP ?

Answers :- 

  • To assign ip addresses automatically.

Question :- DHCP relay agent where to place it ?

Answers :-

  • DHCP Relay agent you need to place in Software Router.

Qusetion :- what is forest ?

Answers:-

  • Is a collection of trees? Tree is nothing but collection domains which is having same name space.
  • Domain contains domain controllers..
  • Forest — Tree — Domain Don’t get confused.. Understand carefully.

Question :- What is GC ? how many required for A Tree ?

Answers :-

  • Global Catalog server is a Searchable Index book. With this we can find out any object in the Active Directory.
  • Also it works as logon authentication for Group memberships.
  • We can have each domain controller in domain or only first domain controller in a domain..

Question :- DNS zones, chronicle records what are they ?

Answers :-

  • In Windows 2000 server there are mainly 3 zones
  • Standard Primary — zone information writes in Text file
  • Standard Secondary — copy of Primary
  • Active Directory Integrated– Information stores in Active Directory
  • in Windows 2003 server one more zone is added that is Stub zone
  • Stub is like secondary but it contains only copy of SOA records, copy of NS records, copy of A records for that zone. No copy of MX, SRV records etc.,
    With this Stub zone DNS traffic will be low

Qusetion :- What is FSMO Roles ?

Answers :-

-: Flexible Single Master Operation Roles :-

1.Domain Naming Master — Forest Wide Roles
2. Schema Master — Forest Wide Roles
3. RID Master — Domain Wide Roles
4. PDC Emulator — Domain Wide Roles
5. Infrastructure Master — Domain Wide Roles

RID Master — It assigns RID and SID to the newly created object like Users and computers. If RID master is down (u can create security objects upto RID pools are avialable in DCs) else u can’t create any object one its down

PDC emulator : It works as a PDC to any NT Bdcs in your environment It works as Time Server (to maintain same time in your network), It works to change the passwords, lockout etc.,

Infrastructure Master: This works when we are renaming any group member ship object this role takes care.

Domain Naming Master : Adding / Changing / Deleting any Domain in a forest it takes care

Schema Master : It maintains structure of the Active Directory in a forest

Qusetion :- FTP, NNTP, SMTP, KERBEROS, DNS, DHCP, POP3 Port Numbers ?

Answers :-

  • FTP : 20, 21
    (20 is for controlling, 21 is Transmitting)
  • NNTP : 119
  • SMTP : 25
  • Kerberos : 88
  • DNS : 53
  • DHCP : 67, 68
  • Pop3 : 110

Question :- What is Kerberos ? Which version is currently used by Windows ? How does Kerberos work ?

Answers :-

Kerberos is the user authentication used in Windows 2000 server and Windows server 2003 Active Directory servers

Kerberos version in 5.0

Port is : 88

Its more secure and encrypted than NTLM (NT authentication)

Qusetion :- Describe the lease process of the DHCP server. ?

Answers :-

A DHCP lease is the amount of time that the DHCP server grants to the DHCP client permission to use a particular IP address. A typical server allows its administrator to set the lease time.

Qusetion :- Disaster Recovery Plan ?

Answers :-

Deals with the restoration of computer system with all attendent software and connections to full functionality under a variety of damaging or interfering external condtions.

Qusetion :- Which protocol is used for Public Folder ?

Answers :-

SMTP  -:Simple Mail Transfer Protocol:-

Qusetion :- What is the use of NNTP with exchange ?

Answers :-

This protocol is used the news group in exchange

Qusetion :- How will take backup of Active Directory ?

Answers:-

Take the system state data backup. This will backup the active directory database. Microsoft recomend only Full backup of system state database

Qusetion :- What are the content of System State backup ?

Answers :-

The cotents are
Boot fles,system files
Active directory (if its done on DC)
Sysvol folder(if it done on DC)
Cerficate service ( on a CA server)
Cluster database ( on a clsture server)
registry
Performance couter configuration inormation
Coponet services class registration database

Question :- What is the difference between windows server 2003 and windows server 2000

Answers:-

  1. A) In 2000 we cannot rename domain whereas in 2003 we can rename Domain
  2. B) In 2000 it supports of 8 processors and 64 GB RAM (In 2000 Advance Server) whereas in 2003 supports up to 64 processors and max of 512GB RAM
  3. C) 2000 Supports IIS 5.0 and 2003 Supports IIS6.0
  4. D) 2000 doesn’t support Dot net whereas 2003 Supports Microsoft .NET 2.0
  5. E) 2000 has Server and Advance Server editions whereas 2003 has Standard, Enterprise, Datacentre and Web server Editions.
  6. F) 2000 doesn’t have any 64 bit server operating system whereas 2003 has 64 bit server operating systems (Windows Server 2003 X64 Standard and Enterprise Edition)
  7. G) 2000 has basic concept of DFS (Distributed File systems) with defined roots whereas 2003 has Enhanced DFS support with multiple roots.
  8. H) In 2000 there is complexality in administering Complex networks whereas 2003 is easy administration in all & Complex networks
  9. I) In 2000 we can create 1 million users and in 2003 we can create 1 billion users.
  10. J) In 2003 we have concept of Volume shadow copy service which is used to create hard disk snap shot which is used in Disaster recovery and 2000 doesn’t have this service.
  11. K) In 2000 we don’t have end user policy management, whereas in 2003 we have a End user policy management which is done in GPMC (Group policy management console).
  12. L) In 2000 we have cross domain trust relation ship and 2003 we have Cross forest trust relationship.
  13. M) 2000 Supports 4-node clustering and 2003 supports 8-node clustering.
  14. N) 2003 has High HCL Support (Hardware Compatibility List) issued by Microsoft
  15. O) Code name of 2000 is Win NT 5.0 and Code name of 2003 is Win NT 5.1
  16. P) 2003 has service called ADFS (Active Directory Federation Services) which is used to communicate between branches with safe authentication.
  17. Q) In 2003 their is improved storage management using service File Server Resource Manager (FSRM)
  18. R) 2003 has service called Windows Share point Services (It is an integrated portfolio of collaboration and communication services designed to connect people, information, processes, and systems both within and beyond the organizational firewall.)
  19. S) 2003 has Improved Print management compared to 2000 server
  20. T) 2003 has telnet sessions available.
  21. U) 2000 supports IPV4 whereas 2003 supports IPV4 and IPV6

Question :- What's the difference between Windows 2000 and Windows XP ?

Answers :-

  •  Windows 2000 and Windows XP are essentially the same operating system (known internally as Windows NT 5.0 and Windows NT 5.1, respectively.) Here are some considerations if you’re trying to decide which version to use:

Windows 2000 benefits

  • Windows 2000 has lower system requirements, and has a simpler interface (no “Styles” to mess with).
  • Windows 2000 is slightly less expensive, and has no product activation.
  • Windows 2000 has been out for a while, and most of the common problems and security holes have been uncovered and fixed.
  • Third-party software and hardware products that aren’t yet XP-compatible may be compatible with Windows 2000; check the manufacturers of your devices and applications for XP support before you upgrade.

Windows XP benefits

  • Windows XP is somewhat faster than Windows 2000, assuming you have a fast processor and tons of memory (although it will run fine with a 300Mhz Pentium II and 128MB of RAM).
  • The new Windows XP interface is more cheerful and colorful than earlier versions, although the less-cartoony “Classic” interface can still be used if desired.
  • Windows XP has more bells and whistles, such as the Windows Movie Maker, built-in CD writer support, the Internet Connection Firewall, and Remote Desktop Connection.
  • Windows XP has better support for games and comes with more games than Windows 2000.
  • Windows XP is the latest OS – if you don’t upgrade now, you’ll probably end up migrating to XP eventually anyway, and we mere mortals can only take so many OS upgrades.
  • Manufacturers of existing hardware and software products are more likely to add Windows XP compatibility now than Windows 2000 compatibility.

Question :- What are the difference between hub and switch ?

Answers :-

Hub is a layer 1 device. It will out the signal from all of its port except the one from where its insert. It is unable to detect the collision. It works on single collision and single broadcast domain.
Switch is layer 2 device. It maintains a CAM table that store the MAC address of devices attached on its port. CAM table is used to make the forwarding decision. It works on per port collision and single broadcast domain.

Question :- What is layer ?

Answers :-

Layer is a completely logical partition of PDU (protocol data unit) process. That define how the information is travel form one computer to other over the network.

Answers :- What is TCP/IP ?

Answers :-

It is combination of two protocols TCP and IP. It is used for reliable data transfer…

Question :- What is operating system ?

Answers :-

operating system (sometimes abbreviated as “OS”) is the program that, after being initially loaded into the computer by a boot program, manages all the other programs in a computer. It provides a platform to application software.

Question :- What is package software ?

Answers :-

The collection of mostly used software released in package Form Company. For Example Ms-Office that contain word, power point, Excel, etc.

Question :- Full form of .co.in, .com,net, .org, .info, .biz, ?

Answers:-

  • COM – “.com” stands for “commercial”.
  • NET – “.net” stands for “network”
  • ORG – “.org” stands for “organization”
  • INFO – “.info” stands for “information”
  • BIZ – “.biz” stands for “business”.
  • IN – ‘IN’ stands for India. The ‘IN’ is a 2-letter country code for India.

Question :- What is ring topology ?

Answers :-

In a ring topology, device one connects to device two, device two connects to device three, and so on to the last device, which connects back to device one.

Question :- Which cable is used in LAN ?

Answers :-

Generally coaxial and TP media is used in LAN networking.

Question :- What are Difference between STP and UTP ?

Answers :-

STP cable is mostly used by IBM; it has an extra cover over each pair.
UTP cable is used in star topology. It has a single cover over all pair.

Question :- What is IEEE ?

Answers :- The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers or IEEE (read eye-triple-e) is an international non-profit, professional organization for the advancement of technology related to electricity. It has the most members of any technical professional organization in the world, with more than 365,000 members in around 150 countries.

Question :- What is 802.3 ?

Answers :- 

IEEE 802.3 is a collection of IEEE standards defining the physical layer and the media access control (MAC) of the data link layer of wired Ethernet. Physical connections are made between nodes and infrastructure devices hubs, switches and routers by various types of copper or fiber cable.

Question :- Full form of ping. ?

Answers :-

PING stand for Packet Internet Grouper

Question :- What are the minimum requirements for xp installation ?

Answers :-

64MB RAM
1.5GB free HDD space
233MHz minimum processor.

Question :- What are 10Base2, 10Base5 and 10BaseT Ethernet LANs ?

Answers :-

10Base2— An Ethernet term meaning a maximum transfer rate of 10 Megabits per second that uses baseband signaling, with a contiguous cable segment length of 100 meters and a maximum of 2 segments.
10Base5—An Ethernet term meaning a maximum transfer rate of 10 Megabits per second that uses baseband signaling, with 5 continuous segments not exceeding 100 meters per segment.
10BaseT—An Ethernet term meaning a maximum transfer rate of 10 Megabits per second that uses baseband signaling and twisted pair cabling.

Question :- What is the difference between an unspecified passive open and a fully specified passive open ?

Answers :-

An unspecified passive open has the server waiting for a connection request from a client.
A fully specified passive open has the server waiting for a connection from a specific client.

Question :- Explain the function of Transmission Control Block ?

Answers :-

A TCB is a complex data structure that contains a considerable amount of information about each connection.

Question :- What is a Management Information Base (MIB) ?

Answers :-

A Management Information Base is part of every SNMP-managed device. Each SNMP agent has the MIB database that contains information about the device’s status, its performance, connections, and configuration. The MIB is queried by SNMP.

Question :- What is anonymous FTP and why would you use it ?

Answers :-

Anonymous FTP enables users to connect to a host without using a valid login and password. Usually, anonymous FTP uses a login called anonymous or guest, with the password usually requesting the user’s ID for tracking purposes only. Anonymous FTP is used to enable a large number of users to access files on the host without having to go to the trouble of setting up logins for them all. Anonymous FTP systems usually have strict controls over the areas an anonymous user can access.

Question :- What is a pseudo tty ?

Answers :-

A pseudo tty or false terminal enables external machines to connect through Telnet or rlogin. Without a pseudo tty, no connection can take place.

Question :- What does the Mount protocol do ?

Answers :-

The Mount protocol returns a file handle and the name of the file system in which a requested file resides. The message is sent to the client from the server after reception of a client’s request

Question :- What is External Data Representation ?

Answers :-

External Data Representation is a method of encoding data within an RPC message, used to ensure that the data is not system-dependent.

Question :- When were OSI model developed and why its standard called 802.XX and so on ?

Answers :-

OSI model was developed in February1980 that why these also known as 802.XX Standard (Notice 80 means ==> 1980, 2means ==> February)

Question :- What is Full form of ADS ?

Answers :-

Active Directory Structure

Question :- How will you register and activate windows ?

Answers :-

If you have not activated windows XP, you can do so at any time by clicking the windows Activation icon in the system tray to initiate activation. Once you have activated windows XP, this icon disappears from the system tray.
For registration
Start ==> Run ==> regwiz /r

Question :- Where do we use cross and standard cable ?

Answers :-

Computer to computer ==> cross
Switch/hub to switch/hub ==>cross
Computer to switch/hub ==>standard

Question :- How many pins do serial ports have ?

Answers :- 

In computer it’s known as com port and could be available in 9pin or 25 pin. On router it have 60 pins.

Question :- How will check ip address on Windows 98 ?

Answers :-

Start ==> Run ==> command ==> winipcfg

Question :- How will you make partition after installing windows ?

Answers :- 

My computer ==> right click ==> manage ==> disk management ==>
select free space ==> right click ==> New partition

Question :- What is IP ?

Answers :-

It’s a unique 32 bits software address of a node in a network.

Question :- What is private IP ?

Answers :-

Three ranges of IP addresses have been reserved for private address and they are not valid for use on the Internet. If you want to access internet with these address you must have to use proxy server or NAT server (on normal cases the role of proxy server is played by your ISP.).If you do decide to implement a private IP address range, you can use IP addresses from any of the following classes:
Class A 10.0.0.0 10.255.255.255
Class B 172.16.0.0 172.31.255.255
Class C 192.168.0.0 192.168.255.255

Question :- What is public IP address ?

Answers :-

A public IP address is an address leased from an ISP that allows or enables direct Internet communication.

Question :- What's the benefit of subnetting ?

Answers :-

Reduce the size of the routing tables.
Reduce network traffic. Broadcast traffic can be isolated within a single logical network.
Provide a way to secure network traffic by isolating it from the rest of the network.

Question :- What are the differences between static ip addressing and dynamic ip addressing ?

Answers :-

With static IP addressing, a computer (or other device) is configured to always use the same IP address. With dynamic addressing, the IP address can change periodically and is managed by a centralized network service

Question :- What is APIPA ?

Answers :-

Automatic private IP addressing (APIPA) is a feature mainly found in Microsoft operating systems. APIPA enables clients to still communicate with other computers on the same network segment until an IP address can be obtained from a DHCP server, allowing the machine to fully participate on the network. The range of these IP address are the 169.254.0.1 to 169.254.255.254 with a default Class B subnet mask of 255.255.0.0.

Qustion :- What are the LMHOSTS files ?

Answers :-

The LMHOSTS file is a static method of resolving NetBIOS names to IP addresses in the same way that the HOSTS file is a static method of resolving domain names into IP addresses. An LMHOSTS file is a text file that maps NetBIOS names to IP addresses; it must be manually configured and updated.

Question :- What is DHCP scope ?

Answers :-

A scope is a range, or pool, of IP addresses that can be leased to DHCP clients on a given subnet.

Question :- What is FQDN ?

Answers :-

An FQDN contains (fully qualified domain name) both the hostname and a domain name. It uniquely identifies a host within a DNS hierarchy

Question :- What is the DNS forwarder ?

Answers :-

DNS servers often must communicate with DNS servers outside of the local network. A forwarder is an entry that is used when a DNS server receives DNS queries that it cannot resolve locally. It then forwards those requests to external DNS servers for resolution.

Question :- Which command will you use to find out the name of the pc in networks ?

Answers :-

NSLOOKUP [192.168.0.1]
[Ip of target computer]

Question :- How will enable sound service in Windows 2003 ?

Answers:-

By default this service remain disable to enable this service
Start ==> administrative tools ==> service ==> windows audio ==> start up type ==> automatic

Question :- How will enable CD burning service in Windows 2003 ?

Answers :-

By default this service remain disable to enable this service
Start ==> administrative tools ==> service ==> IMAPI CD burning com service ==> start up type ==> automatic

Question :- How to find what program used as default for opening file .xyz ?

Answers :-

In cmd type C:\> assoc .xyz which program will open that .xyz file

Question :- How to change settings in command prompt ?

Answers :-

The first thing you’ll want to do is Start, Run, cmd.exe, then right click the window menu and choose properties. Try the following values for improvement:
Options | Command History | Buffer Size | 400
Options | Command History | Discard Old Duplicates | True
Options | Edit Options | QuickEdit Mode | True

Layout | Screen buffer size | Height | 900
Layout | Window size | Height | 40

Question :- How to start DirectX Diagnostic Tool ?

Answers :-

To start the DirectX Diagnostic Tool: 1. Click Start, and then click Run.
In the Open box, type dxdiag and then click OK.

Question :- How to determine whether there is an issue with the DNS configuration of your connection to your ISP ?

Answers :-

At a command prompt, type ipconfig /all and then press ENTER to display the IP address of your DNS server. If the IP address for your DNS server does not appear, you need contact your ISP.

Question :- What do you need to do that your browser will point URL www.example.com to the internal IP address 127.99.11.01 ?

Answers :-

Make changes in the hosts file in C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\etc
The Hosts file is looked at first before going out to the DNS (Domain Name Service) servers. you have to put the following on new lines at the end of hosts file:
127.99.11.01 example.com
127.99.11.01 www.example.com

Question :- What can you suggest to enhance testing process on windows OS ?

Answers :- 

Put shortcut to notepad.exe in SendTo folder. It is speed up work with different files like hosts, configuration files. Location of this folder is
C:\Documents and Settings\Default User\sendto.
Open it and create shortcut of notpad.exe

Question :- What is FTP ?

  Answers :-

FTP is short for File Transfer Protocol. This is the protocol used for file transfer over the Internet.

Question :- How will you make XP home the client of server 2003 ?

Answers :- 

XP home edition is made only for home purpose so we can’t use it as the client. And same rule apply on windows vista editions also.

Question :- Where do you take back up from ?

Answers :-

Click Start, point to All Programs, point to Accessories, point to System Tools, and then click Backup.

Question :- Bedside's it ?

Answers :-

If OS support then Select Drive ==> properties ==> back up now

Question :- What is router?

Answers :-

Router is a device that is used to connect two different networks.

Question :- How will you configure ADS ?

Answers :-

Start ==> Run ==> DCPROMO
Or
Start==> Configure your server ==> add/Remove a Role

Question :- What is ADS ?

Answers :- 

A central component of the Windows platform, Active Directory service provides the means to manage the identities and relationships that make up network environments.

Question :- What if this wizard (ADS) is not running ?

Answers :- Check the network cable it should be plugged
Check root partition it should be in NTFS
Check IP of server it should be configured statically

Question :-
How will you add a client to server ? /
How’s the client join a domain ?
What are the client configurations ?

Answers :-

On Server
Configure ADS (for example it’s configured with xyz.com)
On Client
Log in form local administrator account
My Computer ==> Properties ==> Computer Name ==> Change
==>Domain ==>xyz.com ==> username Administrator (of xyz.com)
Password xxxxxxxxxxx (of admin of xyz.com)
Welcome to xyz.com ==> Restart the computer

Question :- Does it necessary to use administrator account to configure the client ?

Answers :-

Not every time but you are required a properly configured user account in domain controller security policy.

Question :- ISO stand for ?

Answers :-

international standard organization

Question :- OSI Stand Full Forme ?

Answers :-

Open System Interconnection

Question :- What is full form DHCP and how will you configure it ?

Answers :-

Dynamic host configuration protocol

To configure it on Server
Configure your server ==>Add/Remove a role ==>DHCP server ==>complete the wizard
Start ==> Administrative tools ==> DHCP ==>New scope ==> Wizard
Now authorized this server and do activate it
On client
Local area network ==> tcp/ip ==> obtain ip automatically
Obtain DNS automatically

Question :- What are the differences between FAT and NTFS ?

Answers :-

FAT
Doesn’t provide local security Provide local security
Doesn’t provide disk quota Provide disk quota
Doesn’t provide file compression Provide file compression
Doesn’t provide other security feature Provide other security feature

Question :- Difference between XP home and XP professional ?

Answers :-

Feature that is not available in XP home edition
Remote Desktop
Off line file and folder
Encrypting file system
Group policy
Roaming profile
Remote installation
Joining Domain
The features listed above are only available in XP professional

Question :- Which OSI layer does IP belong ?

Answers:-

P belongs to the Network Layer (layer 3) in the OSI model.

Question :- What is a subnet mask ?

Answers:-

Subnet mask is a 4 byte (32 bit) number used to identify the sub-network ID and the host ID from an IP address. All the hosts in a sub-network will have the same subnet mask. E.g. 255.255.255.0, 255.255.127.0, 255.255.0.0

Question :- How many times computer reboot when server 2000 install ?

Answers:-

2 times.

Question :- How will you remove this error “ ntldr missing press any key to reboot the system” ?

Answers :-

Reboot the system with XP, ( apply also on server2003,) cd
On setup screen press to R to repair the window
Now provide the administrator password
C:\>cd f:( your cd drive latter, f is taken as the example )
f:\>cd i386
f:\>copy ntldr c:\
f:\>exit
reboot the system

Question :- Why do we do networking ?

Answers:-

For data sharing
To accumulate hardware resource

Question :- What are the benefits of networking ?

Answers:-

There are lots of advantages from build up a network, but the three big facts are-
File Sharing
From sharing files you can view, modify, and copy files stored on a different computer on the network just as easily as if they were stored on your computer.
Resource Sharing
Resources such as printers, fax machines, Storage Devices (HDD, FDD and CD Drives), Webcam, Scanners, Modem and many more devices can be shared.
Program Sharing
Just as you can share files on a network, you can often also share program on a network. For example, if you have the right type of software license, you can have a shared copy of Microsoft Office, or some other program, and keep it on the network server, from where it is also run

Question :- What is network ?

Anwers:-

A network is basically all of the components (hardware and software) involved in connecting computers across small and large distances.

Question :- What is networking ?

Answers :-

A process that is describes how the network will connect.

Question :- What is topology ?

Answers:-

A topology defines how the devices are connected. Further it is divided in physical and logical topology.

Question :- What is difference between physical and logical topology ?

Answers:-

A physical topology describes how devices are physically cabled together.
A logical topology describes how devices communicate across the physical topology

Answers :- How many types of topology are available ?

Answers:-

A point-to-point topology has a single connection between two devices.
In a star topology, a central device has many point-to-point connections to other devices.
A bus topology uses a single connection or wire to connect all devices.
In a ring topology, device one connects to device two, device two connects to device three, and so on to the last device, which connects back to device one.

Question :- Explain hidden shares. How do they work ?

Answers:-

hidden or administrative shares are share names with a dollar sign ($) appended to their names. Administrative shares are usually created automatically for the root of each drive letter. They do not display in the network browse list.

Question :- Name of seven layers in Open System Interconnection model.

Answers:-

They are Application, Presentation, Session, Transport, Network, Data link, and Physical.

Question :- What is the difference between ARP and RARP ?

Answers:-

The address resolution protocol (ARP) is used to associate the 32 bit IP address with the 48 bit physical address, used by a host or a router to find the physical address of another host on its network by sending a ARP uery packet that includes the IP address of the receiver.
The reverse address resolution protocol (RARP) allows a host to discover its Internet address when it knows only its physical address.

Question :- What is Client/Server ?

Answers:-

Clients and Servers are separate logical entities that work together over a network to accomplish a task. Many systems with very different architectures that are connected together are also called Client/Server.

Question :- What is MAC address ?

Answers:-

It is the 48 bit hardware address of LAN card. MAC address is usually stored in ROM on the network adapter card and it is unique.

Question :- What are the perquisites to configure server ?

Answers:-

  • LAN card should be connected:
  • Root (partition on which window is installed) should in NTFS
  • Server should be configured with a static IP address

Question :- How we will configure ADS ?

Answers:-

Start ==> RUN ==> DCPROMO

Question :-How will you test LAN card ?

Answers:-

Ping 127.0.0.1
If getting reply its fine

Question :- What are the difference between DOMAIN and WORKGROUP ?

Answers:-

Workgroup:-
(i)Every PC is responsible for its security own.
(ii)No centralize administration
(iii)Main aim to save hardware recourse
(iv)Best suite in school, training institute, cyber café
Domain: –
(i)Server is responsible for data safety.
(ii)Centralize administration
(iii)Main aim is to secure data
(iv)Best suite in company environments

Question :- Which command is used to check the IP address of your system ?

Answers:-

ipconfig

Question :- Which set wizard will run to do peer to peer networking in XP ?

Answers:-

Small home and office setup wizard

Question :- Which command is used to check the physical connectivity between two computers ?

Answers:-

ping

Question :- What is map drive ?

Answers:-

A special feature that will map network resource to my computer.

Question :- What is Proxy Server ?

Answers:-

Most large businesses, organizations, and universities these days use a proxy server. This is a server that all computers on the local network have to go through before accessing information on the Internet. By using a proxy server, an organization can improve the network performance and filter what users connected to the network can access.

Question :- Which folder contains ADS installed on server ?

Answers:-

NTDS

Question :- What is the full form of Internet ?

Answers:-

International Networking

Question : -Which are the bootable files of 98 and XP ?

Answers:-

In windows98 it is command.com
In XP it is NTLDR

Question :- In which partition Linux is installed ?

Answers:-

Linux doesn’t support windows file system that contain partition scheme. It (Linux) has its own file system known as ext2, and ext3. it will install only on it.In linux file system it will install on / (root) partition.

Question :- What is size of SWAP ?

Answers:-

It’s the hard disk space that is used as RAM for fast processing. In window it’s known as virtual memory and could be set as per retirement via this path
My Computer ==> properties ==> advance
In Linux it’s known as SWAP space and generally taken the double size of physical RAM For example if you have 256 (MB) DDR physical ram then swap space would be 512 MB.

Question :- What is full form of C.M.O.S ?

Answers:-

Complementary metal oxide semiconductor

Question :- How will you check ip address without using network place ?

Answers:-

Start ==> Run ==> Command ==>ipconfig

Quiuestion :- What is IP ?

Answers:-

Internet Protocol (IP) is an unreliable, best effort delivery, connection-less protocol used for transmitting and receiving data between hosts in a TCP/IP network

Question :- What is difference between packet switch and circuit switch network ?

Answers:-

To make a baseband network practical for many computers to share, the data transmitted by each system is broken up into separate units called packets. When your computer transmits data it might be broken up into many packets, and the computer transmits each packet separately. When all of the packets constituting a particular transmission reach their destination, the receiving computer reassembles them back into original data. This is the basis for a packet-switching network.
Circuit-switching means that the two systems wanting to communicate establish a circuit before they transmit any information. That circuit remains open throughout the life of the exchange, and is only broken when the two systems are finished communicating. Circuit switching is more common in environments like the public switched telephone network (PSTN), in which the connection between your telephone and that of the person you’re calling remains open for the entire duration of the call.To make a baseband network practical for many computers to share, the data transmitted by each system is broken up into separate units called packets. When your computer transmits data it might be broken up into many packets, and the computer transmits each packet separately. When all of the packets constituting a particular transmission reach their destination, the receiving computer reassembles them back into original data. This is the basis for a packet-switching network.
Circuit-switching means that the two systems wanting to communicate establish a circuit before they transmit any information. That circuit remains open throughout the life of the exchange, and is only broken when the two systems are finished communicating. Circuit switching is more common in environments like the public switched telephone network (PSTN), in which the connection between your telephone and that of the person you’re calling remains open for the entire duration of the call.

Question :- What is difference between Half-Duplex and Full-Duplex Communications ?

Answers:-

In half-duplex communication data travels in only one direction at a time.
In full-duplex mode two systems that can communicate in both directions simultaneously are operating.

Question :- Which is the most popular international cable standard ?

Answers:-

TIA/EIA-568-B

Back To Top