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Windows Server 2003 Interview and Certification Questions

Question :- How do you double-boot a Win 2003 server box ?

Answers :- The Boot.ini file is set as read-only, system, and hidden to prevent unwanted editing. To change the Boot.ini timeout and default settings, use the System option in Control Panel from the Advanced tab and select Startup.

Question :- What do you do if earlier application doesn’t run on Windows Server 2003 ?

Answer :- When an application that ran on an earlier legacy version of Windows cannot be loaded during the setup function or if it later malfunctions, you must run the compatibility mode function. This is accomplished by right-clicking the application or setup program and selecting Properties –>Compatibility –> selecting the previously supported operating system.

Question :- If you uninstall Windows Server 2003, which operating systems can you revert to ?

Answers :- Win ME, Win 98, 2000, XP. Note, however, that you cannot upgrade from ME and 98 to Windows Server 2003.

Question :- How do you get to Internet Firewall settings ?

Answers :- Start –> Control Panel –> Network and Internet Connections –> Network Connections.

Question :- What are the Windows Server 2003 keyboard shortcuts ?

Answers :-

Winkey opens or closes the Start menu.

Winkey + BREAK :- displays the System Properties dialog box.

Winkey + TAB :- moves the focus to the next application in the taskbar.

Winkey + SHIFT + TAB:- moves the focus to the previous application in the taskbar.

Winkey + B :- moves the focus to the notification area.

Winkey + D :- shows the desktop.

Winkey + E :- opens Windows Explorer showing My Computer.

Winkey + F :- opens the Search panel.

Winkey + CTRL + F:- opens the Search panel with Search for Computers module selected.

Winkey + F1 :- opens Help.

Winkey + M :- minimizes all.

Winkey + SHIFT+ M:- undoes minimization.

Winkey + R :- opens Run dialog.

Winkey + U :- opens the Utility Manager.

Winkey + L :- locks the computer.

Question :- What is Active Directory ?

Answers :- Active Directory is a network-based object store and service that locates and manages resources, and makes these resources available to authorized users and groups. An underlying principle of the Active Directory is that everything is considered an object—people, servers, workstations, printers, documents, and devices. Each object has certain attributes and its own security access control list (ACL).

Question :- Where are the Windows NT Primary Domain Controller (PDC) and its Backup Domain Controller (BDC) in Server 2003 ?

Answers :- The Active Directory replaces them. Now all domain controllers share a multimaster peer-to-peer read and write relationship that hosts copies of the Active Directory.

Question :- How long does it take for security changes to be replicated among the domain controllers ?

Answers :- Security-related modifications are replicated within a site immediately. These changes include account and individual user lockout policies, changes to password policies, changes to computer account passwords, and modifications to the Local Security Authority (LSA).

Question :- What’s new in Windows Server 2003 regarding the DNS management ?

Answers :- When DC promotion occurs with an existing forest, the Active Directory Installation Wizard contacts an existing DC to update the directory and replicate from the DC the required portions of the directory. If the wizard fails to locate a DC, it performs debugging and reports what caused the failure and how to fix the problem. In order to be located on a network, every DC must register in DNS DC locator DNS records. The Active Directory Installation Wizard verifies a proper configuration of the DNS infrastructure. All DNS configuration debugging and reporting activity is done with the Active Directory Installation Wizard.

Question :- When should you create a forest ?

Answers :- Organizations that operate on radically different bases may require separate trees with distinct namespaces. Unique trade or brand names often

Question :- Difference between NTFS and FAT32

Answers :-

1) allows access local to w2k,w2k3,XP,win NT4 with SP4 & later may get access for some file.

2) Maximum size of partition is 2 Terabytes & more.

3) Maximum File size is up to 16TB.

4) File & folder Encryption is possible only in NTFS.

FAT 32

1) Fat 32 Allows access to win 95, 98, win millennium, win2k,xp on local partition.

2) Maximum size of partition is up to 32GB.

3) Maximum File size is up to 4 GB.

4) File & folder Encryption is not possible.

Question :- Difference between router and switch ?

Answers :-In those early days when router is router and switch is switch, these two are different in several ways:

  • Router understand IP head, and switch deal with MAC address
  • Router has its own IP address(es), and switch don’t
  • Router has an operating system running inside, and allow administrator to login into the system.
  • You (network administrator) must configure routing table to make it works.
  • Switch is usually ready to use.
  • Router has routing software running inside, including route discovery protocol.
  • Routing software know how to deal with different IP packet, such as ICMP and other IP option functionality. Switches don’t.
  • Multiple routers can be connected together as a network.
  • You can’t directly multiple switches together to form a large network.

Question :- What's the difference between Windows 2000 and Windows XP ?

Answers :- Windows 2000 and Windows XP are essentially the same operating system (known internally as Windows NT 5.0 and Windows NT 5.1, respectively.) Here are some considerations if you’re trying to decide which version to use:

Windows 2000 benefits

  • Windows 2000 has lower system requirements, and has a simpler interface (no “Styles” to mess with).
  • Windows 2000 is slightly less expensive, and has no product activation.
  • Windows 2000 has been out for a while, and most of the common problems and security holes have been uncovered and fixed.
  • Third-party software and hardware products that aren’t yet XP-compatible may be compatible with Windows 2000; check the manufacturers of your devices and applications for XP support before you upgrade.

Windows XP benefits

  • Windows XP is somewhat faster than Windows 2000, assuming you have a fast processor and tons of memory (although it will run fine with a 300Mhz Pentium II and 128MB of RAM).
  • The new Windows XP interface is more cheerful and colorful than earlier versions, although the less-cartoony “Classic” interface can still be used if desired.
  • Windows XP has more bells and whistles, such as the Windows Movie Maker, built-in CD writer support, the Internet Connection Firewall, and Remote Desktop Connection.
  • Windows XP has better support for games and comes with more games than Windows 2000.
  • Windows XP is the latest OS – if you don’t upgrade now, you’ll probably end up migrating to XP eventually anyway, and we mere mortals can only take so many OS upgrades.

Manufacturers of existing hardware and software products are more likely to add Windows XP compatibility now than Windows 2000 compatibility.

Question :- Types of backup

Answers :-

Backup Type Description Pros Cons
full backup A complete set of all files you wish to back up. Think of this as your ‘reference set’. You only need perform a full backup occasionally. Provides a complete copy of all your data; makes it easy to locate files which need restoring. Takes a long time and the most space on backup media; redundant backups created, as most files remain static.
incremental backup A backup of those files which have changed since the last backup of any type. Uses the lease time and space as only those files changed since the last backup are copied; lets you back up multiple versions of the same file. Makes the job of restoring files fiddly, as you have to reinstall the last full backup first, then all subsequent incremental backups in the correct order; also makes it hard to locate a particular file in the backup set.
differential backup A backup of those files which have changes since the last full backup. Should be performed at regular intervals. Takes up less time and space than a full backup; provides for more efficient restoration than incremental backups. Redundant information stored, because each backup stores much of the same information plus the latest information added or created since the last full backup. Subsequent differential backups take longer and longer as more files are changed.

Types of backup

The Backup utility supports five methods of backing up data on your computer or network.

Copy backup

A copy backup copies all the files you select, but does not mark each file as having been backed up (in other words, the archive attribute is not cleared). Copying is useful if you want to back up files between normal and incremental backups because copying does not affect these other backup operations.

Daily backup

A daily backup copies all the files that you select that have been modified on the day the daily backup is performed. The backed-up files are not marked as having been backed up (in other words, the archive attribute is not cleared).

Differential backup

A differential backup copies files that have been created or changed since the last normal or incremental backup. It does not mark files as having been backed up (in other words, the archive attribute is not cleared). If you are performing a combination of normal and differential backups, restoring files and folders requires that you have the last normal as well as the last differential backup.

Incremental backup

An incremental backup backs up only those files that have been created or changed since the last normal or incremental backup. It marks files as having been backed up (in other words, the archive attribute is cleared). If you use a combination of normal and incremental backups, you will need to have the last normal backup set as well as all incremental backup sets to restore your data.

Normal backup

A normal backup copies all the files you select and marks each file as having been backed up (in other words, the archive attribute is cleared). With normal backups, you only need the most recent copy of the backup file or tape to restore all of the files. You usually perform a normal backup the first time you create a backup set.

Backing up your data using a combination of normal backups and incremental backups requires the least amount of storage space and is the quickest backup method. However, recovering files can be time-consuming and difficult because the backup set might be stored on several disks or tapes.

Backing up your data using a combination of normal backups and differential backups is more time-consuming, especially if your data changes frequently, but it is easier to restore the data because the backup set is usually stored on only a few disks or tapes.

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